An associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, Ruth Bader Ginsburg received her B.A. from Cornell University, attended Harvard Law School and received her LL.B. from Columbia Law School. She served as law clerk to Judge Edmund L. Palmieri of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York from 1959–1961.
From 1961–1963, Ginsburg was a research associate and then associate director of the Columbia Law School Project on International Procedure. She served as professor of law at Rutgers University School of Law from 1963–1972 and Columbia Law School from 1972–1980, as well as a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in Stanford, Calif., from 1977–1978. She was instrumental in launching the Women's Rights Project of the American Civil Liberties Union in 1971, was general counsel of the ACLU from 1973–1980 and served on its national board of directors from 1974–1980.
Ginsburg was appointed a judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 1980. President Clinton nominated her to be an associate justice of the Supreme Court, and she was seated on Aug. 10, 1993.