Curriculum By Course Number

Willamette University offers a number of courses across its three colleges that address issues of environmental sustainability, social justice, and economic equity.

View College of Liberal Arts Courses by:


Courses organized by level (100, 200, etc.) below at least include significant content addressing environmental sustainability, social justice, or economic equity.

100s

Introduction to Environmental Science ENVR 105

An introduction to environmental science designed to promote an understanding of the effect of human actions on the natural world. Topics include human impacts on atmospheric, aquatic, and terrestrial systems; human population dynamics; environmental perceptions and ethics; and the concept of sustainability. The course includes a service learning component. Lectures, discussion, films, readings.

Principles of Biology BIOL 110

Introduces principles and concepts which apply to all living organisms with special emphasis on humans and their societies, including bioethical concerns and the applications and limits of scientific method. Topics considered are: physical-chemical background, scientific theories as to the origin of life, organization from cell to organism to populations, major groups of living organisms, biological energetics, principles and environmental problems. Historical acquisition of scientific knowledge and questioning of "scientific facts" are discussed. Non-majors course. Laboratory required.

Topics in United States History: Later Period HIST 114

Development of the modern American state and the impact of major issues on American society and culture from Reconstruction to the present.

Race and Ethnic Relations SOC 114

This course examines the historical, political, economic and sociological dynamics of racial and ethnic relations in the United States. It investigates how race and ethnicity are created and re-created in society, particularly by culture and institutions, and the way these "social constructions" perpetuate social inequality. Students will attempt to understand and critically examine what happens in societies where people are "colored" by the myths and contradictions of race and ethnicity.

Medical Sociology SOC 119

Study of the social causes and consequences of health and illness. Consideration will be given to topics such as epidemiology, social demography of health, illness as deviance, social effects of acute and chronic illnesses, socialization of health care providers, social policy and health care, and bioethics.

Earth System Science ERTH 121

This course provides an overview of the Earth and its history from a systems perspective. This integrated approach explores the connections among and co-evolution of the solid earth, atmosphere, oceans, and life. Students will practice observing and thinking like an Earth scientist in the lab and in the field. Topics will include: geologic time, tectonics, the climate system, the hydrologic cycle, biogeochemical cycles, and global change.

Colloquium: Transnational Labor Politics POLI 121

This course engages central debates around the politics of labor, US immigration and global social justice. Service learning required. First and second year students only.

Gender in Society SOC 121

This course is an introduction to the fundamental of human gender socialization and performance. It will emphasize social and cultural constructions of gender and examine the fluidity of gender in various cultures worldwide. Further, it will examine how gender inequality is built into the structure of social institutions such as family, media, and education, and how we actively construct the system of gender relations in our daily lives. Consideration will be given to the ways that gender intersects and interacts with other social categories such as race, class, ethnicity, age, ability and sexuality.

Sociological Inquiry SOC 131

This course introduces students to the nature of sociological inquiry through the exploration of a specifically defined topic. Emphasis will be given to how sociologists methodologically and theoretically study and derive meaning from the world around us. Topics of critical investigation may include, but are not limited to, art worlds, globalization today, our aging society, technology and the future, childhood and adolescence, religion and spirituality. Students may take this course multiple times for credit if the topic is different.

Sport and Society SOC 132

The world of sport touches all of us in one way or another. We participate in sports. We watch sports. We read about sports. Why are sports so important to us? What are their benefits socially and individually? In this course, we are interested in examining the sociological significance of sport as it relates to topics such as culture, social organizations, socialization, social stratification, race, gender, economics, and the mass media. Attention will be paid to the national and international influence of sport among individuals, groups, and societies. Freshmen and Sophomores only or consent of instructor.

Sport and Society SOC 132

The world of sport touches all of us in one way or another. We participate in sports. We watch sports. We read about sports. Why are sports so important to us? What are their benefits socially and individually? In this course, we are interested in examining the sociological significance of sport as it relates to topics such as culture, social organizations, socialization, social stratification, race, gender, economics, and the mass media. Attention will be paid to the national and international influence of sport among individuals, groups, and societies. Freshmen and Sophomores only or consent of instructor.

What is a Just Society? IDS 142

This course engages students in a consideration of justice and the role of justice in the construction of politics. We will ask: what is a just society and how might justice be attained? Beginning with Plato's Republic, the students will read philosophers and thinkers from across many centuries. The students will enter into considered discussion of the human quest for justice in the seminar, with invited speakers, and in campus forums.

Topics in American Ethnic Studies AES 144

This course provides the flexibility to offer introductory topics of interest in American Ethnic Studies. The course may study a particular topic within American Ethnic Studies, or offer a survey of topics within American Ethnic Studies.

Latina/o Sociology SOC 145

Latina/o Sociology is the systematic inquiry into the social lives of Latinas/os in the U.S. This course examines the ways in which Latina/o communities have developed and the social, political, and economic structures that have influenced them. Latina/o Sociology analyzes the ways in which hierarchical power relations and Latina/o resistance to domination have shaped their life chances across time and space in the U.S. and along the U.S.-Mexico border region. Major themes include identity, immigration, assimilation, gender, education, media, language, employment, and activism. Through these themes, the course will examine the barriers to opportunity and equity Latinas/os experience and the strategies they employ in order to resist such barriers.

Introduction to American Ethnic Studies AES 150

This course examines the historical, political and social dynamics of race and ethnicity in the United States. It investigates the creation and effects of these social concepts on the experiences, identities and relations of various peoples, as well as the culture and structures of society. The course will focus on the various ways race and ethnicity are recreated in society, particularly by the media, and the way these "social constructions" perpetuate privilege and social inequality. It will critically investigate the myths and contradictions of race and ethnicity, and will attempt to understand what purposes they serve in a "color-bound" contemporary U.S. society.

200s

Gateway to East Asia ASIA 201

This course introduces East Asia to the liberal arts student from multiple and cross disciplinary perspectives. The course deals with the rich cultural heritage of East Asia by looking at the cultural exchange within and beyond East Asia over a history of two thousand years. The course includes such topics as early intellectual traditions, religion, arts, language, literature, science, communication and everyday life. It is intended to lay a solid foundation and to generate broad interest in Asia so that students can proceed to a general study of Asian cultures or pursue their interest in specific cultural topics.

Navigating Social Worlds SOC 201

This course is organized as a "gateway" to the discipline of sociology, which is the study of processes and relationships we all know as "society." The course introduces the student (a) to the four primary dimensions into which sociology is loosely organized -- social systems, social institutions, human agency and interaction, and culture; (b) to the ways in which sociologists ask and analyze research questions; and (c) to the theories and research methods sociologists use to examine social relationships. The course emphasizes reading primary sources, class discussions, and other appropriate pedagogical methods. By the end of the course, students will have developed their own "sociological imagination" and, in particular, a critical perspective on relationships of power, on social inequality, and on social change.

Sustainability and Design IDS 208

This course is intended to introduce students to sustainability in design. This course will focus on fundamental concepts in design, sustainability practices, and communication practices between designers and users. The course will partner with the community to offer potential practical solutions in sustainability.

American Politics POLI 210

This course reviews elements of American government in light of contemporary political issues, analyzes political processes through which public concerns are translated into public policies and develops analytical tools with which to examine American politics in its economic and social context. Closed to seniors except with consent of instructor.

Environmental Chemistry CHEM 230

We will examine the fate of contaminants in a variety of environments and explore the implications for human and ecosystem health. Quantitative approaches are emphasized, including structure-activity relationships, methods of estimating chemical activity, and mass balance calculations. We will use these tools to predict how organic chemicals partition between air, water, soils/sediments, and biomass, and estimate environmental concentrations given basic information about chemical structures, transformation processes, and environmental characteristics. We will explore these topics in the context of applied problems, case studies, and a comprehensive site analysis project.

Race, Racism, & Human Genetics IDS 243

What accounts for human difference, and what does the biology of human variation tell us about race and the "life changes" of racial groups in contemporary society? This course examines the relationship between genes, geography, skin color and what we have come to understand as "race." It will focus upon patterns of human genetic variation and consider how the completion of the Human Genome Project and the increasing availability of genomic data have changes our understanding of human population genetics. It will also address the historical role of science in taking the socially-constructed concept of race and turning it into scientific "fact," and explore how this past history both shapes and constrains contemporary research in the biology of human diversity. The course will consider contemporary case studies in which race becomes--and is ascribed to--biology in ways that both reflect and contribute to dominant racial ideology. By bringing together the research about race from the natural and social sciences, the course seeks to understand how biological and social factors interact to shape racial reality and explores the political and social implications for scientific inquiry.

Feminism, Gender and Society WGS 245

This interdisciplinary course will explore the ways that gender inequality structures aspects of personal lives and social institutions. We will examine a variety of feminist perspectives on work, family, sexuality and culture and will consider the role of class, race and ethnicity in feminist thought. Emphases will vary with instructor.

General Ecology BIOL 255

Organisms in the natural environment; plant and animal populations; the community concept; and methods of description and analysis of ecological communities. Laboratory or field trip.

Cities and the Making of Modern Europe: 1750 to Present HIST 255

This course surveys the transformation of Europe from a primarily rural to an overwhelmingly urban society. Why have cities come to dominate the European landscape? How have the functions of cities changed over time? How has the growth of cities impacted people's quality of life and how have cities managed the environmental, social, economic, and cultural challenges that expansion brought? What kinds of struggles played out in cities? To what extent are cities engines of change in shaping modern European society? The course will grapple with such questions by studying the histories of a selection of cities across Europe from the onset of the industrial revolution to the present.

Plant Ecology and Conservation BIOL 257

A natural history-based, investigative approach to plant ecology and conservation, emphasizing the dynamic interactions of plants in relation to biotic and abiotic environments. Explores the life histories and interrelationships of plant populations within ecological communities. Includes case studies of plant adaptations and interactions within grassland, savanna, and forest habitats. Covers ecological sampling techniques and tree identification. Lecture, discussion, field, and laboratory experiences.

Making Traditional Arts and Music ASIA 258

This course emphasizes hands-on experience in making, practicing, and investigating various traditional art forms and music such as, the Confucian Six Skills and Four Arts, Eight Sounds, and some folk art forms. In the process, the students will use brush pens for calligraphy, make and play flutes or other musical instruments, and create handcrafts, while reading and discussing classic texts, researching on topics, presenting their learned skills, and reflecting the experience. As a result, the students gain deeper understanding of the cosmos, ethics, aesthetics, folklore, and symbolism of the cultures in and beyond East Asia. There will be multimedia materials to be used in class, individual and group projects/presentations, exhibitions, demonstrations and performances along the course. (No prerequisites.)

Media and the Environment CCM 260

Effective communication in front of an audience. Discovery and development of ideas, organization of material, use of language and the modes of presentation. Classroom speeches of different types, short papers, examinations.

Telling the Internment Story RHET 271

The decision to exclude, evacuate and intern Japanese Americans living on the West Coast during WWII is an historical controversy directly engaging citizens in the Pacific Northwest; it remains a controversy through the museum exhibits, memorial sites, and artistic representations of the internment that continue to be generated to tell the story of this dark part of American history. Students identify and analyze ways of telling this story through films, photographs, paintings, memoirs, memorials and museums. There are three units: Fear & Racism Fanned by the Media, Life in the Camps and Reintegration, and Commemoration Through Museums, Memorials, and Films. Readings for this course include primary documents legislating the exclusion and internment of Japanese Americans, testimonials by internees, print media coverage, and visual and verbal commemorative texts. This is a project based course and includes a film screening lab.

300s

Sociological Theory SOC 303

This course introduces the undergraduate to the important theoretical paradigms that have historically oriented the discipline of sociology. Classical sociological theory emerged in the works of Durkheim, Marx, Weber, and Weber, among others. Out of the ideas of these thinkers evolved the major schools of modern sociology, in particular Structural-Functionalism, Symbolic Interactionism, Neo-Marxism, and Neo-Weberian theories of modernity. Throughout the 20th century, new critical paradigms have emerged to challenge the modern schools, including postmodern and cultural critiques, as well as feminist, race, and queer theories. More recently, theories of globalization have attempted to synthesize a diversity of sociological paradigms to explain contemporary social phenomena.

Politics of Environmental Ethics POLI 304

Critical and in-depth analysis of the human/nature relationship, its impact upon political theory and ethics, as well as its larger ramifications for social and moral life generally.

American Immigration History HIST 307

This course will explore the major themes and debates in American immigration history. Topics will include key migration waves, immigration policy, acculturation and attitudes towards immigrants, with an emphasis on the post-Civil War period. Methodological issues in researching immigrant history will also be explored.

Western Civilization and Sustainability: Beginnings to 1600 HIST 315

This course is an introduction to the historical roots of sustainability design to examine the thought and practices which have marked interactions between humans and the environment in the West prior to 1600. Focusing on key moments that have contributed significantly to the current context--the transition to agriculture, classical Athens, the later middle ages, and the age of global commerce, colonization, and scientific progress--the course will analyze 'green' versus traditional histories, interpret data about resource use, and analyze primary texts that speak to the human-nature relationship. The course will challenge students to analyze the extent to which our current thought and practices have roots in the historical past, understand humans' relationship to the environment as integral to the narrative of history in the West, analyze traditional historical categories such as periodization, causation, and narrative structure, and use the lens of sustainability to examine how values shape historical narratives.

Individual in Society: Social Psychology SOC 315

The course examines the theoretical frameworks used by sociologists to explain and understand collective action, protest, and social movements in society, as well as how these theories are used to answer fundamental questions about these phenomena. Topics addressed include resource mobilization, political opportunity and political process, framing, and new social movements. Critiques of theory are also examined, in particular those emphasizing the failure of mainstream theories to account for culture, their emphases on the experiences of only the U.S. and Europe, and the difficulty of applying theory to the prediction of future collective action. Case studies are examined throughout the course, with the final one-third of the semester dedicated specifically to Latin American social movements.

The Politics of International Justice POLI 316

How can the international community hold leaders responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity and other human rights violations? In this class we will examine the ways in which international criminal courts and tribunals have sought to end impunity for human rights abuses. We will consider key institutions and innovations in international criminal law, explore political and scholarly debates in the field of international and transitional justice, and analyze the relationship between international, national and local justice mechanisms. Our focus will be on historical and contemporary case studies, including Yugoslavia, Rwanda, and on-going International Criminal Court trials, paying particular attention to cases involving sexual violence and child soldiers.

Filming Conflict and Identity RHET 319

This course examines how national identity is structured and conflict is portrayed in film depictions of the disputed homeland of Israel/Palestine. Most films are by Israelis or Palestinians. This course will consider problems of documentary films, stereotyping, nontraditional narrative structure, and docu-animation within the contest of the religious, social and political tensions in the region. Subject films will range from archival footage and independent documentaries to major feature films.

Psychology for Sustainability PSYC 321

Environmental degradation (resource overconsumption, pollution, climate change) is the most pressing problem confronting contemporary society—without a livable planet, humans, like other animals, cannot survive. Because human behavior is at the root of the problem, Psychology, the science of behavior, offers important insights for understanding and changing unsustainable individual and society systems. No background in either Psychology or Environmental Science/Studies is assumed. A service learning component is required.

Environmental History ENVR 326

This course will give students a general introduction to environmental history, using a wide range of sources including history textbooks, popular writing about nature and the environment, nature documentaries, and the landscape. The course will challenge students to think critically about the study of history, how history articulates ongoing human efforts to understand and control nature, and how history investigates current debates about the environment. Topics include: deforestation and the development of the agrarian landscape in Western Europe; European colonization and the effect of European contact on native populations in North America; industrialization and the use and development of natural resources; the definitions, planning, and management of public spaces such as national parks, game lands and zoos; establishment of environmental standards; the emergence of conservation ecology; "green" politics and ecofeminism.

Globalization and Equity POLI 326

This course examines the complex process of globalization that is transforming contemporary politics, economics and culture. The course addresses the movements of political and cultural forms, people, knowledge, capital, technology and consumer goods across national boundaries; and analyzes their effects on state autonomy, public policy, political and cultural change and resistance and equity. Not open to freshmen.

Water Resources ENVR 327

This course examines water resources over short- and long-time perspectives and over small and large geographic areas. Emphasis is placed on evaluating water resources from a multidisciplinary perspective. Topics include: surface and groundwater hydrology; water quality; and the legal, political and environmental aspects of water use.

Power in Society SOC 327

This course examines how power is embedded in both the visible structures and institutions of society--particularly those related to politics--and in the less obvious or less visible dynamics of culture, convention, consensus, and discourse. Students are introduced to both classical and contemporary perspectives on power in society, and challenged to critically examine these through a range of specific topics. These can include the nature of political power, state structures and democracy, international political economy and globalization, social movements, citizenship, and social welfare, among others.

Families SOC 328

The focus of this class will be on examining the variation of family structures and how decisions, patterns and practices that appear personal are socially patterned. Our examination of families will explore what role the political economy plays on the construction and maintenance of the family, and how race, class, ethnicity, age, ability, sexual identify and other social categories impact childhood, mating, divorce and other experiences of domestic life. We will also examine how family ideologies often ignore the complexities of family life and create false expectations about what families should be.

Theory and Methods in American Ethnic Studies AES 330

In this course, students will become familiar with the theoretical and methodological approaches in the interdisciplinary and evolving field of Ethnic Studies. It examines the key theories and methods that give voice to the realities of people of color, as well as group relations and resistance to inequality. This course analyzes the major theoretical paradigms for understanding race and ethnicity, evaluating the strengths and limitations for each framework in helping to bring about social change. It also explores and utilizes the methods of social science, recognizing the role, contribution and imitations of scientific inquiry for interpreting social reality. Other epistemological approaches will be assessed to determine what they bring to bare on empirical realities.

Theories of Justice PHIL 330

A study of major conceptions of justice held by late-twentieth-century political philosophers, including the liberalism of John Rawls, the libertarianism of Robert Nozick, and the communitarianism of Michael Sandel, followed by an examination of feminist, socialist and postmodernist critiques of these conceptions.

Asian Environmental History HIST 331

This course explores East Asian history through environmental perspectives, interrogating the relationship between humans and the natural environment as mediated by state and social institutions. It covers both the pre-modern and the modern periods, focusing on discrete case studies relating to different East Asian states. We explore the intersections of ecological history with social and economic development as well as examine the role of the state with respect to both regulating and exploiting natural and human resources. We also consider the philosophical and cultural factors which distinguish the Asian historical experience of environmental management.

Biogeography ENVR 333

This course provides an introduction to the study of plant and animal distributions, both past and present. This is a broad field which overlaps several other disciplines, including biology, geography and geology. The study of plant distributions will be emphasized and approached from historical, cultural and ecological perspectives. Applications of biogeographic knowledge and theory to conservation problems will also be discussed. The lab component will address quantitative aspects of biogeographic research.

Field Studies: Environmental Studies and Sustainability in Japan IDS 334

A three and one half-week course conducted in Japan in collaboration with our sister institution, Tokyo International University, as a part of an initiative on Asian Studies and the Environment. Formal activities will include classes in Japanese language and Japanese environmental history. In addition to readings and lectures, students will take part in fieldtrips and excursions to libraries and museums, municipal and prefectural offices, and other relevant sites where sustainability-related community activities take place, including forests, etc. Students will engage in volunteer and community-based service learning activities, and observe conservation practices where possible. Besides direct observation and reflection, students will participate in data collection, organization, and analysis.

Inequality in Society SOC 334

Social stratification, the hierarchical arrangement of groups of people, creates and maintains inequalities in society based upon status and differential access of legitimized power. The course examines how this core concept in sociology helps to explain empirical questions about the structuring of inequality, its social and political consequences, and its maintenance and transformation. Consideration will be given to how the social systems of gender, sexuality, social class, race, age and disability shape individual life opportunities, institutions, and the cultural norms and values of society.

Deviance and Social Control SOC 339

In this course, we will focus on how sociologists explain behaviors that many of us see as dangerous, distasteful or unpleasant. The assignments will focus on theories of deviance, some discussion of the preferred methods used in studying deviance, and several topical sections focusing on deviant behaviors such as sex work, drug use, crime, and mental disorders. Rather than condemning deviance and deviants, the course seeks to explain people's behavior and society's responses to them.

US Women's Rights Activism Before 1920 CCM 341

This course examines rhetorical practices through which advocates of equality cultivated political agency among disenfranchised Americans, developed a powerful movement for social change, and challenged norms that excluded women from the public sphere.

Environmental Policymaking: Politics and Process POLI 341

A comprehensive analysis of the internal and external influences of the environmental policy process, locally, nationally and globally. Students will explore issue formation, models of policy decision-making, risk perception and assessment, and the motivations and powers of various actors in the policy process.

US Women's Rights Activism Since 1920 CCM 342

This course examines rhetorical practices through which Americans since 1920 have developed and challenged feminist politics, redefined expectations for gender performance and public leadership, and pursued the promise of "liberty and justice for all" in the United States.

Controversies in the Northwest Public Discourse CCM 343

Project based course in which student identify and analyze communication and media through which residents, activists, organizations and policy makers engage a controversy in the Pacific Northwest. Potential topics include immigration, health care, marriage equality, land use and tribal sovereignty. After conducting and presenting critical analyses of existing public discourse, students will develop, carry out and present projects that aim to improve public participation and discourse related to the selected controversy.

Advanced Topics in American Ethnic Studies AES 344

This course provides the flexibility to offer special topics of interest in American Ethnic Studies. The course may study a particular topic within American Ethnic Studies, or a particular problem dealing with American Ethnic Studies methods and/or theory in depth.

Medical Anthropology ANTH 344

This course introduces students to medical anthropology. By exploring human health, sickness and healing from diverse theoretical and cross-cultural perspectives, students will learn how different peoples around the world conceptualize the human body, explain the causes of disease, manage patients and healers, contend with stress, and articulate the meaning and origin of social suffering. The course has a service learning component.

The Economics of Race & Gender ECON 344

In this course students are exposed to the political economy of race and gender and will evaluate labor market outcomes and inequality from both the neoclassical and heterodox perspectives. Each perspective will be evaluated in terms of its assumptions, theories, and policy conclusions. Additionally, students will work through advanced race and/or gender related models from feminist, institutional, and behavioral perspectives. Within the context of these multiple paradigms the following topics/models will be addressed: labor market outcomes such as work, wages, and discrimination; household decision making and bargaining; institutional discrimination; public policies and race/gender; experimental economics and irrational behavior; and structures of constraint.

Environmental Economics ECON 345

The economic paradigm can make important contributions to understanding and alleviating environmental problems. This course examines the shortcomings of the market mechanism for allocating environmental resources and of public policies for mitigating environmental degradation. Topics include externalities, common property resources, public goods, property rights and cost-benefit analysis. Special consideration will be given to several contemporary environmental problems.

Hydrology of Zena Forest (3) ENVR 347

This course enables faculty and students to focus on a specific topic in environmental science. The flexibility of the seminar/field experience format permits a timely focus on newly emerging fields, topical issues, and techniques. Specific topic designation is made at time of course offering.

Hydrology of Zena Forest (3) ENVR 347

This course enables faculty and students to focus on a specific topic in environmental science. The flexibility of the seminar/field experience format permits a timely focus on newly emerging fields, topical issues, and techniques. Specific topic designation is made at time of course offering.

Earth's Climate: Past, Present, and Future ERTH 347

This course focuses on the fundamentals of Earth's climate system and how it has varied through time. Students will learn how Earth historians use the rock record to determine past climate states as well as explore modern anthropogenic climate change. Topics will include: geologic time, carbon cycle, Milankovitch cycles, climate models and proxies, climate history.

Environmental Geology ERTH 350

This course applies principles and techniques learned in physical geology to such geologic hazards as vulcanism, seismicity, erosion, mass wasting and flooding and to mineral, fossil fuel and water resource development and their related environmental impacts. Laboratory required. Writing Centered.

Indigenous Peoples, Human Rights and the Environment ANTH 351

This course focuses upon environmental and human rights issues affecting indigenous peoples worldwide. Using the cross-cultural, comparative and field-based perspectives that distinguish anthropology, this course examines some of the most pressing problems facing the world's indigenous peoples, explores strategies used by these groups in facing human rights and environmental violations, and offers students the opportunity to study about and take action on these issues. Case studies of specific indigenous groups will be drawn from different world areas, including North and South America, Africa, Oceania and Asia.

Archaeological Geology ERTH 351

Archaeological geology applies methods and theories from the geologic sciences to archaeological problems. This course will cover the processes associated with sedimentation and stratigraphy at archaeological sites and the geological approaches used to uncover cultural traits associated with the deposits. Geomorphic processes that impact site selection, formation, preservation, and identification will be addressed, as will macroscopic, petrographic, geochemical and isotopic techniques for characterizing and provenancing archaeological material. Geophysical survey methods and theories will also be reviewed. Throughout the course, the theoretical foundation that underlies the union between geology and archaeology will be stressed. Writing Centered.

Sociology of Education SOC 361

This course analyzes education as a major social institution that influences individuals, groups, and society. It considers both classic and contemporary theoretical formulations of education and schooling and methodological approaches to the sociological study of education. This course will examine the historical, social, political, and economic forces that shape educational experiences. It will explore separate and intersecting effects of race, class, gender, and immigrant status on educational attainment and achievement.

African American History 1865-Present HIST 362

This course examines the experience of African Americans in the United States from Reconstruction to the present. Course topics will include Reconstruction, the Jim Crow period, the Great Migration, the urban experience, the Civil Rights Movement, and African American leadership.

Sexualities SOC 362

This course will examine and challenge essentialist and biologically determinist perspectives regarding sexual identity, desire, and expression. It will use a sociological perspective to analyze social influences on sexuality and the consequences of the sexual stratification system in place in U.S. society. Particular attention will be placed on examining techniques of social control, sites of sexual injustice and oppression, and how sexual inequality is built into and stems from the structure of social institutions. Consideration will be given to how sexuality intersects and interacts with other social categories, such as race, class, ethnicity, age, ability, and gender.

History of Modern Russia HIST 372

The uniqueness of Russian civilization, the Russian Revolution and the Soviet Union. The emancipation period, revolutionary thought and action, the constitutional monarchy, the 1917 revolutions and the establishment of the Soviet regime, the development of agriculture and industry and the evolution of the Communist Party.

History of Modern Japan HIST 381

This course examines the history of modern Japan from the late Tokugawa period (1800) through the Meiji Restoration (1868) and Japan's first industrial revolution, the rise of militarism and the road to Pearl Harbor, and Japan's remarkable growth and development in the postwar era. The emphasis will be on coming to terms with the nature and process of change in Japan's modern historical experience.

Transnational Feminist Politics POLI 384

Many feminists try to think, dialogue, and organize transnationally. This raises challenging questions: Is there a global sisterhood of women? Can feminists promote solidarity across divides of class, race, nationality, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, religion, and language? And should feminists question these categories of analysis? This course asks students to critically examine these questions through case studies on topics related to imperialism and colonialism; war and genocide; the international human rights movement; campaigns against violence; and the global economy. The course will examine the emergence of transnational feminism as interdisciplinary field of study, introduce students to key concepts such as identity difference, solidarity, and intersectionality, and explore major debates surrounding transnational feminist activism, theory and praxis.

Political Ecology POLI 386

This course explores social justice questions in the practice of conservation, focusing on the developing world. Students will critically assess epistemological, methodological, and practical issues in nature-society relations, and thereby trace the emergence of the interdisciplinary approach known as political ecology. Topics to be addressed may include: how poor people are affected by park creation and enforcement; neoliberalism in conservation; and ethnic, gender and class disparities in environmental movements, especially the stereotype of the "ecologically noble savage." Students will work through a case study on the politics of conservation in a developing country.

Germany from Bismarck to Hitler HIST 390

This course surveys the making of modern Germany from the creation of the Hohenzollern Empire under Bismarck until the collapse of the Third Reich in 1945. It examines the key social, economic, cultural, and political developments that led to the Empire's collapse at the end of the First World War, the founding of the Weimar Republic, and the rise and fall of Nazism.

Germany Since 1945 HIST 391

This course surveys the socioeconomic, political and cultural development of Germany since the collapse of the Third Reich. It examines the postwar division of the country into West and East Germany, the impact of the Cold War on two frontline states and the internal and external factors that led to the country's recent "reunification." In addition, the course aims to raise questions about the essential features of the "democratic-capitalist" West and the "totalitarian-socialist" East and the ways in which these factors shape contemporary German society.

Discourse on Income Inequality ECON 399

Americans in the top 1 percent income group receive 38 times more income than the bottom 90 percent. The top 1 percent accounts for nearly 23% of all pre-tax income while leaving less than half to the bottom 90 percent. Rising income disparity has sparked heated public discourse on the nature, causes and impacts of income inequality. Some scholars maintain that inequality is a natural, healthy product of a capitalist market economy, and a stimulus for competition and progress. While others insist that vast income inequality produces debilitating impacts on the economy and society. Some attribute inequality to openness to trade while others blame government taxes and other polices. This course will explore these different perspectives and theories on income inequality. We will start by examining the various indicators of income inequality. We will then investigate the multidimensional causes of income inequality. Next, we will venture onto the debates on whether income inequality matters and what are the particular impacts of income inequality on individual welfare, economic stability and long term growth. We will end with policy discussions regarding what should be done to tackle with income inequality at the personal, national and global levels. Will be offered in future terms as ECON 320.

400s

Modern Socialism HIST 444

Major trends, assumptions and problems in the writing of European and American history as related to the changing intellectual milieu from the Enlightenment to the present.

Forest Ecology and Policy ENVR 445

A case study approach to forests integrating forest policy and ecology. Using class and field instruction, students will design research projects that will emphasize the science and social science issues related to forest management. Course includes a mandatory pre-semester field trip in mid-August.