- JD, University of Texas, 1981
- PhD, University of North Carolina, 1997
- MA, University of North Carolina, 1987
- BA, Texas Christian University, Phi Beta Kappa, 1978
- Separating Church and State: A History (Cornell Univ. Press) (forthcoming 2022).
- The Third Disestablishment: Church, State, and American Culture, 1940-1975 (Oxford University Press, 2019).
- Inventing a Christian America: The Myth of the Religious Founding (Oxford University Press, 2015).
- The Bible, the School, and the Constitution: The Clash that Shaped Modern Church-State Doctrine (Oxford University Press, 2012).
- The Second Disestablishment: Church and State in Nineteenth-Century American (Oxford University Press, 2010).
- Religious Freedom and the Supreme Court with Ronald B. Flowers and Melissa Rogers (Baylor University Press, 2008).
Chapters in Books
- The ‘Demise’ of Separation of Church and State, in Religion in American Life, Emma Long ed. (Univ. Press of Kansas) (forthcoming 2022).
- The Bible in American Law, Politics, and Rhetoric, in The Bible in the American Experience (2020).
- The Public Funding of Private Religious Schools, in The Oxford Handbook of Religion and American Education, Michael Waggoner, ed. (Oxford University Press, 2018).
- The Supreme Court’s Ahistorical Religion Clause Historicism, Baylor L. Rev. (forthcoming 2022).
- Requiem for State ‘Blaine Amendments,’ J. Church & State (forthcoming 2022).
- No Aid, No Agency, 29 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 1053 (2021).
- The Legal Ramifications of Christian Nationalism, 26 Roger Williams L. Rev. 430 (2021).
- The Path Not Taken: Reinhold Niebuhr, John Courtney Murray, and the Proposition of Church-State Separation, Oxford Journal of Law and Religion 7 (2019): 1-20.
- The Irrelevance of Church-State Separation in the Twenty-First Century, Syracuse Law Review 69 (2019): 999-1040.
- Brief in support of plaintiffs-appellees and affirmance of Amici Curiae Scholars of Religion and History. Freedom from Religion Foundation, Inc.; John Roe, Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. Wayne Mack, Individual Capacity Defendant-Appellant.
- Brief of Amici Curiae Education and Constitutional Law Scholars in Support of Respondent. David and Amy Carson, as Parents and Next Friends of O.C., et.al. v. A. Pender Mankin, in Her Official Capacity as Commissioner of the Main Department of Education.
- Brief of Religious and Civil-Rights Organizations as Amici Curiae in Support of Respondent. David Carson, as Parent and Next Friend of O.C., et. al., v. A. Pender Mankin, in her official capacity as Commissioner of the Maine Department of Education.
- Brief for Constitutional Law Professors as Amici Curiae in Support of Respondents. Federal Bureau of Investigation v. Yassir Fazaga.