- Court: 9th Circuit Court of Appeals Archives
- Area(s) of Law: Immigration
- Date Filed: 11-21-2022
- Case #: No. 20-16245
- Judge(s)/Court Below: Bress, Circuit Judge, for the Court, with Bumatay, Circuit Judge, concurring, and Wardlaw, Circuit judge, dissenting.
- Full Text Opinion
Rodriguez Diaz, an El Salvadorian citizen, was detained pursuant to 8 U.S.C. § 1226(a). At his bond hearing, the Immigration Judge (IJ) denied release on bond because of his criminal history and gang affiliation. Rodriguez Diaz argued he was entitled to a second bond hearing following the vacatur of his drug convictions and rehabilitation efforts, and he claimed that his continued detention was unconstitutional under the Fifth Amendment Due Process Clause. The district court agreed and granted his habeas petition in part, and the government timely appealed the decision. When evaluating alleged due process violations, courts weigh three factors: “first, the private interest that will be affected by the official action; second, the risk of an erroneous deprivation of such interest through the procedures used, and the probable value, if any, of additional or substitute procedural safeguards; and finally, the Government’s interest.” Mathews v. Eldridge, 424 U.S. 319, 335 (1976). The private interest of a detained alien under § 1226(a) is lower than that of a detained U.S. citizen, and the governmental interests are significantly higher in the immigration detention context. In all events, “[d]ue process does not . . . require two hearings.” Goldberg v. Kelly, 397 U.S. 254, 267 n.14 (1970). While Rodriguez Diaz’s private interests weighed in his favor, they were nonetheless lowered because he was a detained immigrant. The Court concluded that the government had a strong interest in enforcing immigration regulations, and that Rodriguez Diaz did not establish a risk of erroneous deprivation because existing procedures sufficiently protected his liberty interests and mitigated any such risk. The Court noted that Rodriguez Diaz received his first bond hearing within two months of being taken into custody, the majority of his continued detention resulted from his decision to appeal the denial of his immigration relief, and current procedures afforded immigrants an opportunity to seek new bond hearings based on changed circumstances. Accordingly, the Court concluded that the IJ’s denial of a second bond hearing and Rodriguez Diaz’s continued detention was not a due process violation. Reversed and remanded.