Mary R. Bachvarova

Professor of Classics

Education

2002

  • Ph.D. with Honors, University of Chicago, "From Hittite to Homer: The Role of Anatolians in the Transmission of Epic and Prayer Motifs from the Near East to the Greeks," (Committee: Shadi Bartsch (head); Harry A. Hoffner, Jr.; Calvert Watkins (Harvard University); Christopher Faraone)

1997

  • M.A., University of Chicago, "The Treatment of hakāra in the Classificatory Systems of Sanskrit Grammarians"

1993-2002

  • Graduate Student in the Committee on the History of Culture, University of Chicago

1990-1992

  • Graduate Student-at-large, University of Chicago

1984-1990

  • A.B. in Classics: Greek and Latin, Magna cum Laude, Harvard University/Radcliffe College

1980-1984

  • Trinity School, New York City

Publications

Books — Edited and Authored

Bachvarova, Mary R. From Hittite to Homer: The Anatolian Background of Ancient Greek Epic . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Bachvarova, Mary R. Dorota M. Dutsch, and Ann Suter, eds. The Fall of Cities in the Mediterranean: Commemoration in Literature, Folk-Song, and Liturgy . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016.

B. J. Collins, M. R. Bachvarova, and I. Rutherford, eds.  Anatolian Interfaces: Hittites, Greeks, and Their Neighbors: Proceedings of an International Conference on Cross-Cultural Interaction, Sept. 17-19, 2004, Emary University, Atlanta, GA, Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2008.

Articles, Book Chapters, and Translations

Bachvarova, Mary R. “Formed on the festival stage: Plot and characterization in the Iliad as a competitive collaborative process,” in Homer in Performance: Rhapsodes, Characters, and Narrators, edited by J. L. Ready and C. Tsagalis. Austin, Tx.: University of Texas Press (2018): 154-77.

Bachvarova, Mary R. “Multiformity in the Song of Ḫedammu: Evidence and Implications,” in Altorientalische Forschungen 45 (2018): 1-21.

Bachvarova, Mary R. Revisions of translations: “Hurro-Hittite narrative song: Kumarbi Cycle,” “The Hurro-Hittite Song of Release (Destruction of the City of Ebla),” in Gods, Heroes, and Monsters: A Sourcebook of Greek, Roman, and Near Eastern Myths in Translation, edited by C. López-Ruiz. 2 nd ed. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press (2017) 154-76, 304-12.

Bachvarova, Mary R. “Wisdom of Former Days: The Manly Hittite King and Foolish Kumarbi, Father of the Gods.” Being a Man: Negotiating Ancient Constructs of Masculinity. edited by I. Zsolnay. New York: Routledge Press (2016): 83-111.

Bachvarova, Mary R. “The Destroyed City in Ancient ‘World History’: from Agade to Troy.” The Fall of Cities: Commemoration in Literature, Folk Song, and Liturgy. edited by M. Bachvarova, D. Dutsch, and A. Suter. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2016): 36-78.

Bachvarova, Mary R., and Dorota Dutsch. “Mourning a City ‘Empty of Men’: Stereotypes of Anatolian Communal Lament in Aeschylus’ Persians.” The Fall of Cities: Commemoration in Literature, Folk Song, and Liturgy. edited by M. Bachvarova, D. Dutsch, and A. Suter. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2016): 79-105.

Bachvarova, Mary R. “Hurrians.” Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception (2016): 601-607.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Migrations in the Anatolian epic tradition," Nostoi: Indigenous Culture, Migration and Integration in the Aegean Islands and Western Anatolia during the Late Bronze and Early Iron Ages, edited by K. Kopanias, Ç. Maner, and N. Stampolidis Istanbul:Koç University Press (2015) 117-55.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Feasts and Festivals, Anatolia," in  Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception, Vol. 8: Essenes – Fideism, edited by Christine Helmer, Steven Linn McKenzie,  Thomas Chr. Römer, Jens Schröter, Barry Dov Walfish, Eric Ziolkowski. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter (2014): 1053-5.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Hurro-Hittite narrative song as a bilingual oral-derived genre," for the Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference of Hittitology in Warsaw, Poland, Sept. 5-9, 2011, edited by M. Kapelus and P. Taracha. Warsaw: Agade Press (2014): 77-110.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Hurro-Hittite stories and Hittite pregnancy and birth rituals," in Women in the Ancient Near East, edited by M. Chavalas. London and New York: Routledge Press (2013):272-307.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Ion and the Gorgon: Ancient Greek medical and mythical constructions of the interactions between women's experiences of sex and birth," in Arethusa 46 (2013): 415-46.

Bachvarova, Mary R. Translations with introductory discussions of "An Anatolian (Hattic) Myth of Illuyanka," "Hurro-Hittite narrative Song: Kumarbi Cycle," "The Hurro-Hittite Song of Release (Destruction of the City of Ebla)," " Telipinu: An Anatolian Myth about a Departed God," in Gods, Heroes, and Monsters: A Sourcebook of Greek, Roman, and Near Eastern Myths in Translation, edited by Carolina López-Ruiz. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press (2013): 135-9, 139-63, 290-9, 451-8.

Bachvarova, Mary R. " CTH 767.7: The Birth Ritual of Pittei: Its Occasion and the Activity of the Scribe," in Luwian Identities: Language and Religion between Anatolia and the Aegean, edited by Alice Mouton, Ian C. Rutherford, and Ilya Yakubovich. Leiden, New York: Brill (2013): 136-157.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Adapting Mesopotamian Myth in Hurro-Hittite Rituals at Hattuša: I ŠTAR, the Underworld, and the Legendary Kings," in Beyond Hatti: A Tribute to Gary Beckman, eds. Billie Jean Collins and Piotr Michalowski. Atlanta, Ga.: Lockwood Press (2013): 23-44.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "The Transmission of Liver Divination from East to West." Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici 54 (2012): 1-22.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "From "kingship in heaven" to king lists: Syro-Anatolian courts and the history of the world." Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Religions 12 (2012): 97-118.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "The Meter of Hurrian narrative song." Altorientalische Forschungen 38 (2011): 285-308.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "The manly deeds of Hattusili I: Hittite admonitory history and didactic epic." In Epic and History, edited by K. Raaflaub and D. Konstan. Waltham, Mass: Blackwell (2010): 66-85.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Suppliant Danaids and Argive Nymphs in Aeschylus." Classical Journal 104.4 (2009): 289-310.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Hittite and Greek Perspectives on Travelling Poets, Texts and Festivals." In Wandering Poets in Ancient Greek Culture: Travel, Locality and Panhellenism, edited by R. Hunter and I. C. Rutherford. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2009): 23-45.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "The Poet's Point of View and the Prehistory of the Iliad." In Hittites, Greeks and Their Neighbors: An International Conference on Cross-Cultural Interaction Held at the Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University (Sept. 17-19, 2004), edited by B. J. Collins, M. R. Bachvarova and I. C. Rutherford. Woodbridge, Conn.: Oxbow Press (2008): 95-108.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Sumerian Gala Priests and Eastern Mediterranean Returning Gods: Tragic Lament in Cross-Cultural Perspective." In Lament: Studies in the Ancient Mediterranean World and Beyond, edited by A. Suter. Oxford: Oxford University Press (2008): 18-52.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Actions and Attitudes: Understanding Greek (and Latin) Verbal Paradigms." Classical World 100 (2007): 123-33.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Oath and Allusion in Alcaeus fr. 129." In Horkos: The Oath in Greek Society, edited by A. H. Sommerstein and J. Fletcher Exeter: Bristol Phoenix Press (2007): 179-88, 258-64.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Suffixaufnahme and Genitival Adjectives as an Anatolian Areal Feature in Hurrian, Tyrrhenian and Anatolian Languages." In Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual UCLA Indo-European Conference, Nov. 3-4 2006, edited by K. Jones-Bley, M. E. Huld, A. Della Volpe, and M. Robbins Dexter. Washington, D. C. Institute for the Study of Man (2007): 169-89.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Divine Justice across the Mediterranean: Hittite Arkuwars and the Trial Scene in Aeschylus' Eumenides." Journal of Near Eastern Religions 6 (2006):123-53.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "The Eastern Mediterranean Epic Tradition from Bilgames and Akka to the Song of Release to the Iliad." Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 45 (2005): 131-53.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Relations Between God and Man in the Hurro-Hittite 'Song of Release'." Journal of the American Oriental Society 125 (2005):1-13.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Topics in Lydian Verse: Accentuation and Syllabification." Journal of Indo-European Studies 32 (2004): 227-47.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "Successful Birth, Unsuccessful Marriage: Using Near Eastern Birth Incantations to Interpret Aeschylus' Suppliants." NIN: Journal of Gender Studies in Antiquity 2 (2001): 49-90.

Bachvarova, Mary R. "The Literary Use of Dialects: Ancient Greek, Indic and Sumerian." In CLS 33: Papers from the Panels on Linguistic Ideologies in Contact, Universal Grammar, Parameters and Typology, The Perception of Speech and Other Acoustic Signals, edited by K. Singer, R. Eggert, G. Anderson. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society (1997): 7-22.

PDFs available upon request. Also, check my Academia.edu page! http://willamette.academia.edu/bachvarova


Forthcoming Book Chapters and Articles

  • “Of Gods and Men: Bridging the Gap between Cosmogony and the Heroic Age in Early Greek Legendary History,” in Narrating the Beginnings, eds. A. Bernabé and S. Fink.
  • “Nostoi,” in The Cambridge Guide to Homer, edited by C. Pache.
  • “Destruction of cities, the literary tradition of,” in The Cambridge Guide to Homer, edited by C. Pache.
  • "Survival of 'popular' mythology: From Hittite mountain man to Phrygian Mountain Mother: in Religious Convergence in the Ancient Mediterrean: Proceedings of the Conference " Religious Convergence in the Ancient Mediterrean," 23-26 June 2016, Palermo, Italy, eds. S. Blakely and B.J. Collins.
  • "Towards an understanding of the gendered Hittite landscape: What does it mean when mountains give birth?, in Proceedings of the 9th International Congress of Hittitology, Corum 01-07 September 2014, ed. A. Süel.

Book in Preparation

  • Calling the Gods: How Cult Practices Moved across Space and Time in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean

 

Recent and Future Talks

  • Toponymic Epiclesis in the Iliad: The Cases of Zeus, Apollo, and Athena," in "Naming and Mapping the Gods in the Ancient Mediterranean: Spaces, Mobilities, Imaginaries," March 25-27, 2020, Toulouse (France)
  • “Festivals in Coastal Western Anatolia: The Transition from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age,” 9th Melammu Workshop, “Ceremonies, feasts and festivities in Ancient Mesopotamia and the Mediterranean World: Performance and Participation,” Barcelona, Jan. 29-31, 2020.
  • “God as Judge: The Interlocking Hittite Genres of Treaty, Prayer, and Historiography and their Nachleben in the Hebrew Bible,” in “Religion and War from Antiquity to Early Modernity,” June 24-26, 2019, King’s College London.
  • “Near Eastern Parallels to Greek Literature: Methodology and Pay-Off,” Hebrew University of Jerusalem, June 5, 2020
  • “The Reception of Sappho in Plato’s Phaedrus in Light of the Expanded Text of Sappho 58,” Society of Classical Studies Annual Meeting, San Diego, Jan. 3-6, 2019.
  • “‘Oh Gods, the Surrounding Lands Have Become Arrogant and They Have Violated Their Oaths!’: Hittite Arkuwar Prayers and Sitz im Leben of the Biblical Divine Covenant,” Society of Biblical Literature Annual Meeting, Denver, Colorado, Nov. 18, 2018.
  • “Were Bronze Age Anatolian Sun-goddesses the Ancestors of Hecate?,” Archaeological Institute of America Lecture Series, Victoria University, British Columbia, Oct. 18, 2018; Willamette University, Oct. 23, 2018.
  • “‘Come from Wherever You Are”’ Methods of Borrowing and Methodology in Comparative Studies in Greek and Near Eastern Religion,” in the 64th Rencontre Assyriologique/12th Melammu Symposium, University of Innsbruck, July 16-20, 2018.
  • “Sappho’s Theory of Mind,” in “Lyric and the Sacred,” Spetses, Greece, June 27-July 1, 2018.
  • “The Anatolian Background of Archaic Greek Poetry,” in “Beyond All Boundaries: Anatolia in the First Millennium B.C.,” Ascona, Switzerland, June 17-22, 2018.
  • “The Prehistory of Sappho, or How a Study of Hittite Prayers Can Shed Light on the Conventions of Lesbian Lyric Poetry,” in “Advanced Seminar in the Humanities on Literature and Culture in the Ancient Mediterranean: Greece, Rome, and the Near East,” Venice International University, March 22, 2018.
  • “Hecate’s Anatolian roots: The Persona of the Sun-goddess in Hittite Myth, Incantations and Prayers,” University Ca’ Foscari, Venice, Italy, March 21, 2018.
  • “Born from Rock: Arnobius’ Myth of Cybele in the Light of Hittite Sources,” in “Advanced Seminar in the Humanities on Literature and Culture in the Ancient Mediterranean: Greece, Rome, and the Near East,” Venice International University, March 20, 2018.
  • Seminar on Sappho and Hittite prayer, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, Nov. 28, 2017.
  • “From Written to Oral: The Invention of Hittite Prayers,” Free University, Berlin, Nov. 7, 2017.
  • “How to Use Near Eastern Sources to Shed Light on Greek Religion,” University of Virginia Religious Pluralism Lab, Sept. 19, 2017.

Teaching

Spring 2020

  • HIST 2XX (TH): The First Empires: History of the Ancient Near East from 6000 to 600 BCE
  • Latin 132: Beginning Latin I
  • Greek 232: Intermediate Ancient Greek II
  • Latin 232: Intermediate Latin II
  • CLAS 496W: Homer, Odyssey

Fall 2019

  • Freshman Colloquium: The Journey to the Self: Narrative and the Hero (IDS 101 SYLLABUS)
  • CLAS 260 (IT): Gender and Sexuality in Ancient Greek Society (CLAS 260 SYLLABUS)
  • Latin 131: Beginning Latin I

Spring 2019

  • CLAS 250W (TH): Greeks, Romans, and Barbarians (CLAS 250W SYLLABUS)
  • Latin 132: Beginning Latin I
  • Greek 232: Intermediate Ancient Greek II: Homer, Odyssey
  • Latin 232: Intermediate Latin II: Ovid, Metamorphoses, Book I; Vergil, Georgics, Book IV

Fall 2018

  • Freshman Colloquium: The Journey to the Self: Narrative and the Hero
  • CLAS 231W: Myth and Cult in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean (CLAS 231W SYLLABUS)
  • Latin 131: Beginning Latin I
  • CLAS 496W: Homeric Hymn to Demeter

2017-18: On Sabbatical

Spring 2017

  • Greek 132: Beginning Ancient Greek II
  • Greek 232: Intermediate Ancient Greek II: Homeric Hymn to Demeter, Theogony, Sappho
  • CLAS 260: Gender and Sexuality in Ancient Greek Society

Fall 2016       

  • CLAS 250W (TH): Greeks, Romans, and Barbarians 
  • Greek 131: Beginning Ancient Greek I
  • Greek 231: Intermediate Ancient Greek I: Plato, Apology; Lysias 1, Herodotus
  • Freshman Colloquium: The Journey to the Self: Narrative and the Hero
  • LAT 350W (TH): Greeks, Romans, and Barbarians: Caesar Gallic Wars, Tacitus Agricola (taught concurrently with CLAS 250W, 1 additional hour of translation)

Spring 2016

  • CLAS 231W: Myth and Cult in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean
  • GREEK 331W: Myth and Cult in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean: Readings in Greek
  • Greek 132: Beginning Ancient Greek II
  • CLAS 496W: Senior Seminar
  • Latin 132: Beginning Latin II

Fall 2015

  • Greek 131: Beginning Ancient Greek I
  • Freshman Colloquium: The Journey to the Self: Narrative and the Hero

Spring 2015

  • Greek 132: Beginning Ancient Greek II
  • CLAS 496W: Senior Seminar
  • Greek 391: Advanced Readings in Latin Literature

Fall 2014

  • CLAS 260 (IT): Gender and Sexuality in Ancient Greek Society
  • Greek 131: Beginning Ancient Greek I
  • Greek 231: Intermediate Ancient Greek I: Plato, Apology; Lysias 1, Herodotus
  • Greek 360 (IT): Gender and Sexuality in Ancient Greek Society; Euripides' Hippolytus

Awards

External Grants and Fellowships

Mary Bachvarova, Classical Studies Fellowships in Hellenic Studies 2017-18 for “Calling the Gods: How Cult Practices Moved across Space and Time in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean,” Harvard University Center for Hellenic Studies, $4,500, January 2017

Mary Bachvarova, Classical Studies ACLS Fellowship for “Calling the Gods: How Cult Practices Moved across Space and Time in the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean,” American Council of Learned Societies, $18,748, February 2017


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